Does my child have to file a tax return? If you or someone else claims your child as a dependent, your child will need to file a 2019 tax return if he or she has:
|1)||Earned income from wages of more than $12,200.|
|2)||Earned net income from self-employment (from a paper route, for example) of $400 or more.|
|3)||Investment income only (such as interest and dividends) of more than $1,050.|
|4)||Both earned and investment income totaling more than the larger of: (a) $1,050 or (b) $350 plus earned income, not to exceed $12,200.|
If no one claims your child as a dependent, your child has the same filing requirements as any other taxpayer. Also remember, if your child has any withholdings, the only way to get them refunded is to file a tax retun!
If you have children younger than 19 years old (or 24 if a full-time student) coordinate the filing of their taxes with yours. How they file is a matter of tax law.
Your child is away for college. You prepare and try to file your tax return on April 14th after finally receiving all the required documentation. Unfortunately, the e-filed tax return is rejected because your college student filed their own tax return and received a nice refund. Now you have a mess on your hands. You must file an extension, file an amended tax return for your child, return a refund, and paper file your tax return.
A matter of law
The dependency rules and kiddie tax laws are clear and must be followed. If you have a dependent child as determined by the tax code, you will need to conduct the tax calculations to determine what is taxed at your child’s tax rate and what will be taxed at your higher rate. The same is true for which tax return receives exemptions and standard deductions. This requires coordination of your tax filings with that of your dependent children.
- Remind your independent minded kids to hold off filing their tax return until consulting with you.
- Claiming oneself as a dependent is not a choice, it is a matter of law. Remind your child there are rules that must be followed before making this tax decision.
- Plan for a dependency shift. Sometimes arranging for a shift in dependent from a parent to a student makes financial sense. If you think this might be true, conduct a tax planning exercise prior to making the change.
Consider using the tax filing process to introduce your young adult to the benefits of tax planning. You never know, it could save you money as well as the hassle of undoing an improperly filed tax return.
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